Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Immigration and Citizenship Resources

Based on a guide originally created by Brian Bess at the Huntsville-Madison County Public Library in Alabama. Used with permission of Brian Bess.

Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR)

About the Office

The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) was created on January 9, 1983, through an internal Department of Justice (DOJ) reorganization which combined the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA or Board) with the Immigration Judge function previously performed by the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) (now part of the Department of Homeland Security). Besides establishing EOIR as a separate agency within DOJ, this reorganization made the Immigration Courts independent of INS, the agency charged with enforcement of Federal immigration laws. The Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (OCAHO) was added in 1987. In 2013, EOIR observed its 30th anniversary.

EOIR is also separate from the Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices in the DOJ Civil Rights Division and the Office of Immigration Litigation in the DOJ Civil Division.

As an office within the Department of Justice, EOIR is headed by a Director who reports directly to the Deputy Attorney General. Its headquarters are located in Falls Church, Virginia, about 10 miles from downtown Washington, DC.

EOIR Mission

The primary mission of the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is to adjudicate immigration cases by fairly, expeditiously, and uniformly interpreting and administering the Nation's immigration laws. Under delegated authority from the Attorney General, EOIR conducts immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings.
 
 
EOIR News
 
This page includes recent press releases.
 
 
Fact Sheets
 
The 'Fact Sheets' section includes entries such as 'EOIR at a Glance' and 'Observing Immigration Court Hearings'.
 
 
More Information
 
'More Information' is comprised of recent press releases.
 
 
Litigation Notices
 
This section includes recent litigation notices regarding ongoing immigration court cases.
 
 
Historical Information
 
This section includes entries such as 'EOIR Observes its 30th Anniversary', 'Evolution of the U.S. Immigration Pre-1983', Evolution of the U.S. Immigration Post-1983' and various historical documents.
 
 
From https://www.justice.gov/eoir; accessed September 27, 2017.

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License